Course Length: 2 Days


A fundamental understanding of telecommunications transmission principles will be useful for students taking
this course.

Course Objectives:

This course is designed to help students understand the spectrally busy radio environment. The class will cover various spectrum analyzers, how they operate and what they test. Student exercises will develop skills aimed at correct instrument setup and interpretation of test results. Effective Receiver Sensitivity (ERS) and the problems associated with radio interference will be covered. This course is typically customized to meet specific customer equipment and testing requirements.

Spectrum Analyzers – How they work

  • Subject Introduction
  • Spectrum Analyzer – Types
  • Spectrum Analyzer Measurements
  • Storage and External Interfaces
  • The RF Spectrum
  • Wavelength

Why Measure Spectrum

  • Introduction to Results Interpretation
  • Occupied Bandwidth
  • Noise and Noise Floors


  • Adjacent and Co-channel Interference
  • Intermodulation
  • Harmonic Distortion
  • Transmitter Sideband Noise
  • Multipath Interference

Spectrum Analyzer Setup

  • Physical Connections
  • Max Power – Pads
  • Initial Settings – RF Safety
  • Frequency-Amplitude
  • Span – RBW
  • Markers
  • Filters – Masks – Limits

Measuring the 802.11 Standard

  • Channel Bandwidth
  • Channel Occupancy
  • Testing 802.11 channels

Receiver Sensitivity

  • Sensitivity & Selectivity
  • Desense Defined
  • Conducting ERS Tests
  • Results Interpretation
  • Overcoming Desense
  • Spectrum Reporting